History of University of Maiduguri

The University of Maiduguri was created in 1975 as one of the second-generation Universities, which formed part of the programmes of the Third National Development plan (1975-80) by the then Federal Military Government. At inception, the university did not have physical structures of its own, but in April 1976 it inherited the premises owned by the former North East College of Arts and Science (NECAS). The structures bequeathed to the University by NECAS were adequate in terms of office blocks, classrooms, staff quarters, laboratories and other physical structures requirement by a university of its size. The personnel of NECAS were equally absorbed into the University employment and this made it possible for the institution to commence its academic programmes in October 1976.

In its first academic year, the university enrolled 743 students spread across three faculties, namely Arts and Education, Science, and Social Science & Law. By 1978 the number of faculties expanded to six with the creation of the Faculty of Agriculture and the separation of the Faculty from Arts as well as the separation of the Faculty of Law from Social Sciences. Similarly, a two-year School of Basic Studies programme was introduced in 1976 to mop-up the students of NECAS and in 1980 it was transformed into a single year remedial programme for both Arts and Sciences.

Owing to its unique location in the north-eastern part of Nigeria that borders Niger, Chad and Cameroon republics and its cosmopolitan nature, the University has attracted students from within and outside Nigeria. Thus, teaching and non-teaching staff have been employed by the university from Europe, Asia, the Caribbean Islands and African countries. The University has experienced tremendous growth in its student population and personnel in academic, administrative and technical departments. Specifically, by 2000 A.D the student enrolment had reached 26, 000 and the number of faculties had expanded to eight (8) including a College of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Engineering and Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. There were also 77 academic departments spread across these faculties. As at the end of 2016 the University had one college of Medical Sciences, a School of Postgraduate Studies and 12 Faculties. The faculties include, Agriculture, Arts, Dentistry, Education, Engineering, Law, Management Sciences, Pharmacy, Science, Social Sciences, and Veterinary Medicine.

Location of the University

The University of Maiduguri is located in Maiduguri, capital of Borno State, in the North-Eastern corner of Nigeria. The University's immediate environment is made up of Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe, the five successor States of the defunct North Eastern State.

The six States occupying an estimated area of 310,666 square kilometres, have an estimated population of 11,888,297 (1981). The environment within which the University is located is rich in both human and natural resources. Culturally and socially, the region is one of the great meeting points of early African Civilizations. Thus, the remarkable cultures of this region at once indicate the rich rewards in terms of higher learning and research to scholars, students and the population at large.

Mission Statement

The University of Maiduguri shall be an institution dedicated to scholarship and learning in the Arts, Sciences, Humanities and Technology, and the development of moral and civic character of all persons who pass through her portals. The University Shall facilitate and advance scholarship and learning, especially in the light of her location in the Sahelian environment in the North-Eastern Nigeria, and at the crossroads of Africa and Middle-Eastern Culture.

Vision Statement

The University of Maiduguri apart from achieving competence in the basic Arts and Sciences, aims at excellence in Agriculture, Pastoralism, Engineering, Human and Veterinary Medicine and Information Technology as well as in Arid Zone, Trans-Saharan and Inter-African Peace and Strategic Studies. The University also aims to promote the development of Private and Public morality, discipline, accountability and probity, and also international cooperation through participation, research and dissemination of information.

Objectives of the University

As enunciated in the University of Maiduguri Act 1979 the following objectives would be pursued by the University:

  1. Encourage the advancement of learning and hold out to all persons without distinction of race, creed, sex or political conviction the opportunity of acquiring a higher and liberal education;

  2. Provide courses of instruction and other facilities for the pursuit of learning in all its branches, and to make those facilities available on proper terms to such persons as are equipped to benefit from them;

  3. Encourage and promote scholarship and conduct research in all fields of learning and human endeavor;

  4. Relate its activities to social, cultural and economic needs of the people of Nigeria; and undertake any other activities appropriate for a University of the highest standard.

His Excellency
President Muhammadu Buhari

President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces

His Imperial Majesty
Oba (Dr.) Lamidi Olayiwola Adeyemi III JP, CFR, LL.D

The Alaafin of Oyo

Professor Biodun Adesanya
Pro-chancellor and Chairman of Council

Professor Aliyu Shugaba

The main administrative structure of the University (including the Visitor, the Chancellor, the Forum, the Council, the Senate, the Congregation, the Convocation and its Principal Officers) is as specified by the University of Maiduguri Act No. 48 Vol. 66 of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The University Council is the highest policy-making body of the University, which meets at least four times a year. The Council is the governing body of the University and has power, under the University Act, to manage and adjudicate on matters regarding administration and finances of the University except those not provided for by the University Act, appoints the Chancellor and the external member of the Council.

Professor Biodun Adesanya
Pro-Chancellor & Chairman of Council

Professor Abubakar Mustapha
External Member Representing Public Interest
Appointed by Federal Government

Makwashi Jakada Zurmi
External Member Representing Public Interest
Appointed by Federal Government

Hon. (Barr.) Obiora Samuel Igwedibia
External Member Representing Public Interest
Appointed by Federal Government

Laide Osijonwo
External Member Representing Public Interest
Appointed by Federal Government

Professor Aliyu Shugaba

Professor Jubrilla Dahiru Amin
Member Representing the Senate

Professor Mohammed Mala Daura
Member Representing the Senate

Professor Babatunji A. Omotara
Member Representing the Senate

Professor Yaqub A. Geidam
Member Representing Congregation

Dr. Yunusa Dada
Member Representing Congregation

Tijjani Bukar
Registrar & Secretary

Professor Aliyu Shugaba
B.Sc. (Hons); M.Ed. (Maiduguri); Ph.D. (Nsukka); FIGRLT

Tijjani Bukar
B.Sc. (Hons); MPA (Maiduguri); FCIA

Yahaya Yunusa Malgwi
B.Sc. (Hons) Accounting (Maiduguri); FCNA

Professor Emmanuel Camble
University Librarian
BLS (Hons) (Maiduguri); MLS, Ph.D. (Ibadan); CLN

University Crest

Azure 1, a pall wavy argent 2, per pall a torch ardent 3, surmounting an ink horn sable with quill 4, all within a border, motto ilmum tunoto 5, with the date 1975 6, resting in a champ vert Fleury 7.

  1. for azure, Borno blue is used, being the traditional colour of the Borno kingdom, in which the University is situated;

  2. symbolising Nigeria, through the confluence of the Benue and Niger;

  3. symbolising the torch of learning, which is passed on from scholar (=scientist) to scholar of the next generation;

  4. symbolising scholarship and science, writing and therefore, publishing;

  5. expressing the ethos of the University, signifying through learning we serve; i.e. its duty to society. This is Kanuri, in ajami script;

  6. the date of foundation of the University;

  7. symbolising the delights of the garden of learning.

The traditional colour and metals were partly derived from Arabia during the Crusades and are black (sable = a black fur), white (argent = silver, in Old French, from Latin), red (gules = the fur of the hermine, dyed red, possibly of Slavonic origin), blue (azure, from lajward= the blue lapis stone, in Persian, transmitted through Arabic), green (vert, Old French, from Latin), yellow (or=gold in Old French, from Latin); they are in medieval French, as is most of English heraldic language, as French was then the official language of England.

University of Maiduguri was established in 1975 with physical facilities inherited from the former North East College of Arts and Science (NECAS).

The first Vice-Chancellor was Late Professor Essien-Udom. He occupied a three-bedroom flat as his office.

At the beginning of the 1976/77 academic session, the University admitted its pioneer undergraduate students in three (3) faculties:

  1. Faculty of Arts & Education;
  2. Faculty of Social Sciences & Law
  3. Faculty of Science

The 1st convocation ceremony of the University took place on the 1st of December 1979, and on that day, honorary degrees (LL.D.) were conferred on:

  1. HRH, Late Mustapha Umar El-kanemi, The Shehu of Borno.
  2. HRH, Late Oba Daniel Aladesanmi II, The Ewi of Ado Ekiti, First Chancellor of University of Maiduguri.